Trinidad was originally inhabited by Amerindian tribes, specifically the Caribs and Arawaks. In 1498, Christopher Columbus became the first European to set foot on the island, and Trinidad was later claimed by Spain. The island remained a Spanish colony until 1797, when it was captured by the British. Trinidad became a crown colony in 1802, and was used primarily as a supply base for the British Empire.
Sugar plantations were established on the island, and thousands of African slaves were brought to Trinidad to work on the plantations. After the abolition of slavery in 1834, indentured workers from India were brought to Trinidad to work on the sugar estates. This led to a diverse population, with people of African, Indian, and Chinese descent making up the majority of the population.
Trinidad became a self-governing colony in 1925 and gained independence from Britain in 1962. The island nation has since developed a vibrant culture, with a mix of African, Indian, and Spanish influences. Trinidad is also famous for its carnival, which takes place annually and is known for its colourful costumes, music, and dancing.